Monday, 21 January 2013

The Current Dead Lock of Farmer and Buyer of Guar ( Guar Gum) crop


This rate Rs 35,000 was in April in last year. Any price you are getting above 5000/ qt is good enough. The current level of Rs 13000 is best one in comparison to the other commodities.

There is no any positive sign of deadlock from farmers. Under the influence the farmers are not selling the commodity. The price was expected to grow in natural way. But the deadlock condition can harm the farmers in the long term. 

The deadlock of farmer is moving toward the political movement. The politics and economics are two different things. In this condition the no investor would like to pure the fund in the industry. If the gold is being sold slowly at gold price that is OK, but if the Iron is not being sold at gold price that is questionable.

I always put the guar crop profitable for farmers still it is profitable for farmers, But the situation which is has been created on this point that is point to worry.

Farmer has right to sell its commodity at a particular price. But if the farmers are not selling the commodity at a particular price that is not good sign and point of investigation.

Business doesn't mean the cutting the supply line. It is all about to balance the demand and supply. What ever height is there to balance the demand and supply, that is understandable.

Buyer is not a foolish, he is studying each and every activity of supplier.

Ethics always matter in any type of venture for a sustainable long term growth. Playing good is justified but holding the ball is not going to make champion to the farmers.

Anyway still Guar is the profitable crop in context to cost of cultivation, time of maturity, low disease and insect attack, good for storage , land improvement, fertility increase, low water requirement.

Guar Guar Gum) Crop ; Crop of Poor


I am not promoting Guar only for Oil drilling. I promoting it for poor farmer and low investment for multipurpose. Low investment. Low investment means low risk, Means there is nothing to loose and many thing to earn. The fundamental of crop are solid more than stone. 

Who ask these oil company to feed their profit to Guar Purchase, If there was a ready alternate then why these company went for stocking at higher price. Might be we don't know, but these companies are having some demand that's why they stocked it and now they want it to come down, so that they can purchase it further.

With in 12 month at any time there can be peak demand of Guar Seed, that can also lead to sudden rise of rate of Guar seed. 

There are other uses of Guar except Oil extraction. 

As per the fodder is concern that is your production. You can feed you animal. If i talk about poor farmer he must have some cattle for their Milk requirement. They don't need to sell it , they can consume it for their cattle. 

Ask the people who run the brick Kline. They will purchase the crop residual. 


In North India in the month of march and April you can go for Guar crop just after harvesting the Rabi Crop. That is best time for cultivation. IF you have good amount of water, please see the result under the sun heat.

It is also expected that future trading will also open through commodities exchange that will also lead to high price.

The crop was suppose to come in Market in mid October. There is not the arrival of single bag of in the market of new crop. It is expected to come in Mid November. That is not a good sign and time for Bumper crop.

I am again saying ..................... It is crop of Poor................for cash, for fodder, for vegetable, for fertilizers .............. with low investment.... I can challenge any one if there is any other crop, which is profitable more than Guar on equal cost of cultivation of Guar or less than this.

Insect - Pest of Guar Crop and their Control



As Guar is a rainy season crop, that's why, a number of insect pests feed and grow on its leaves and pods. Some important ones are described here.

Hairy caterpillars

Ascotis imparata and Spilosoma obliqua, Amsacta lactinae and Euproctis scintilans are the insects that cause heavy damage. The adult lays eggs in clusters over the surface of the leaves. The larvae cause characteristic skeletonisation of leaves during the early gregarious stage and later they completely defoliate the plant. The pest can easily be controlled by systematic collection of larvae during the early gregarious stage or spraying with Endosulfan @ 0.07 percent.

Jassid
Empoasca fabae, Empoasca Kraemeri and Amrascakerri are serious pest of the crop. The nymph are wingless and found in abundance on the lower surface of the leaves. The nymph and adult pierce the plant tissues and suck the cell sap. Leaves become yellow at the margin. They can be controlled by: (i) soil application of systemic granular insecticides such as Aldicarb 10 G at the rate of 10 -15 kg per hectare. (ii) spray of Endosulphan 35 EC at the rate of 2litres in 1000 litres of water, or (iii) dusting of BHC 10% dust at the rate of 20 -25 kg per hectare.

Disease Management in Guar Crop

Antharacnose

This disease is caused by Colletotncum capsici. The disease is more severe in high rainfall subtropical to temperate areas than in tropical areas. The fungus is seed -borne and symptoms may start as early as in seedling stage. The most characteristic symptoms of the disease are black, sunken, crater like cankers on the pods, stem or cotyledons. The lesions remain isolated by yellow -orange margins. They give out a dull salmon conloured ooze from the centre when humidity is very high.

Control

1. Use healthy seed
2. Avoid excess watering
3. Give wider spacing
4. Use hot water treated seed
5.Spray fungicides like Dithane M -45 or Dithane Z- 78 at the rate of 2 kg in l000 litres of water per hectare.



Powdery mildew

This disease is caused by Oidium ~pp. White powdery growth occurs on leaves, spreading to cover the stem and other plant parts. In severe cases, the entire plant dries up.

Control

1. Dusting with sulphur powder
2. Spraing with systemic fungicides Benlate or Bavistin and Calixin gives effective control of powdery mildew.
3. Sowing healthy seed after treating with Thiram.
4. Follow a crop rotation to reduce the soil- borne innoculum of the fungus.




Bacterial blight

This disease is caused by Xanthomonas cyamophagus. The disease is characterized by irregular, sunken, red to brown leaf spots surrounded by a narrow yellowish halo. Several spots coalesce to from irregular patches. The spots may also develop on pods.

Control

1. Grow resistant varieties .
2. Treat the seed with thiram at the rate of 3 gm/kg seed. Also adopt hot water treatment at 560 C for 10 minutes.
3. Eradicate affected plants and burn them.



Leaf spot

This disease is caused by Myrothecium roridum. Dark brown round spots appear on leaf. In case of severe infection. Several spots merge together and leaflets become chlorotic [/B]and usually drop off. If plants are infected in the early stages of growth, there may not be any flowering.

Control

Spray with Dithane Z- 78,0.2% at the interval of 15 days, twice or thrice.

Disease Management in Guar seed ( guar gum ) Crop

Guar is tolerant to many disease and pests. The common diseases of guar are wilt, bacterial blight, powdery mildew, and anthracnose. 

Wilt

This disease is caused by Fusarium monolifonne. The pathogen is soil- borne and, therefore, its damage is of localized nature. It causes infection to the base of plants including roots and seedlings. The roots show dis-colouration and plant wilts. Poor emergence of seedlings is the first symptom of the disease. The seedlings rot before or soon after emergence.

Control

1. Mixed croping of guar with sorghum reduces the damage up to 55 per cent.
2. Addition of organic manures also reduces the disease incidence.
3. Seed treatment with Agrosan GN or Thiram or Capta

Weed Management in Guar Crop



Guar field in kharif season is always full with a number of weed plants, Hoeing and weeding in the initial stages of plant growth with the help of khurpi, tined harrow reduces the weed-crop competition and increases soil aeration for bacterial growth. The application of Basalin at the rate of 1.0 kg a.i. per hectare as pre- planting dose suppresses the growth of grasses and other weeds. The manual practices must be preferred over the chemical practices.

Intercropping in Guar ( Guar Gum) Crop


Intercroping means taking two or more crop in the same farm or Plot. It doesn't mean taking two crop in separate separate plot.

Guar crop is taken for different different purpose. Like fodder purpose, grain purpose, green manure purpose. As per the use it is taken as intercrop with different crops. 

The guar for forage is generally grown mixed with jowar or bajra. This makes a well balanced, nutritious and palatable feed for cattle. Intercropping guar with other kharif season crops like cotton, sorghum, maize, etc serve dual purpose. It provides additional and timely returns and improves the soil fertility for the partner crop. Guar crop can also be taken as intercrop in sugarcane crop but be aware the ware logging condition may harm the Guar Crop.

Crop Rotations for Guar Crop


Crop Rotations for Guar Crop

Crop rotation means the sequence of crop in a year one after one after the harvesting of the crop. Like we take different crop in "RABI". We change the crop in "KHARIF" season season.

Guar is a leguminous crop it improve the soil condition , thecrop rotation is a system of growing crops in such a way that the same field does not get the same crop year after year. This helps in controlling diseases and pests of the crop and also in maintaining soil fertility. A number of crops of the same season like bajra, guar, cotton, rice, sorghum, sugarcane etc, are put in crop rotation sequence. Some common crop rotations which are used in India with guar are given below.

Rice -cotton -guar -bajra
Guar -rice -sorghum
Sorghum -guar -cotton
Cotton -guar -rice -sorghum

Water Management and Irrigation in Guar ( Guar Gum) Crop


Normally Guar is crop of Rain fed area. It can survive in the rainfed conditions. The kharif season crop grown during rainy season as a rule, does not need any irrigation if rains are adequate and well distributed.

If rains are too heavy, the excess water should be drained off promptly. For dry season crops, irrigation. at fortnightly intervals in the early summer and at ten days intervals later are given. Normally the crop requires 3-4 irrigation.

Method of sowing of Guar ( Guar Gum ) Crop


Traditionally guar crop is sown by the broadcast method. Normally it is called "CHHIDAKA". If you want to go for broadcast method, then there must be sufficient soil moisture during the beginning of the rainy season. The field is roughly divided into long stripes of convenient size. The seed is evenly spread by hands over the surface of the field, while walking through the long stripes of the field. The field is ploughed after spreading the seed. 

This method does not ensure proper spacing and creates problems while hoeing, weeding and removing excessive rain water.

The grower will also face problems in the intercultural operations.

Line sowing with the help of tractors by seed-drill is useful in sowing. We can maintain the proper spacing and depth. This results in better seed germination. Line sowing is also useful for carrying out hoeing-weeding and removing excessive rain water.

In some area Guar is taken as mixed cropping the seeds are mixed with other crop. Normally in the Western Rajasthan it is taken with Bajara and Jwaar. The seed of pulses like Mung( green gram), chickpea is also mixed. 

It can be also used as inter-cropping with clear separate row between other crop rows.

Benefit of Guar ( Guar Gum) Crop for farmers


There are two strong base behind the Guar crop. First the cost of cultivation of Guar crop is very low. Another, there is no any natural alternate/substitute of this crop as industrial input. If it is not making the farmer rich at the worst side, the same time it is also not making the farmer poorer. IF you go for a high investment crop. First the cost of cultivation will be very high if the crop doesn't give you return, then it will push some one in credit, ultimately it will make the farmer poorer.

Guar is very good crop for the

Soil improvement,
Low investment,
Nitrogen fixation, 
Drought resistant, 
Cash crop, 
No insect pest attack in storage,
Green vegetable, 
Green manure, 
Short duration, 
Good quality Fodder,
Concentrate for milking cattle,
High return
Monopoly on India in production.


And Much More............

Seed Treatment of Guar seed with bacterial culture



Guar plant develops, nodules on its roots, in which a special kind of bacteria live and convert the free nitrogen of the atmosphere into a form of fertilizer which is absorbed by the roots of the plant.

This symbiotic relation of the bacteria and root nodules is useful in saving cost of nitrogenous fertilizers. Therefore, before sowing the seeds are inoculated with these bacteria so that their population increases in the soil, with the growth of the plant. This is done by preparing a 10% sugar or gur solution in boiling water. This sugar solution is allowed to cool. 

On cooling 3 -4 packets of guar bacterial culture are mixed with solution to make a thin paste. This paste is coated over to the seed. Seed is dried under shade for 30 -40 minutes before sowing.

Seed treatment for Guar Crop Cultivation



Normally Guar is cultivated in the Rainfed area of western Rajasthan, South Punjab and west Haryana. but in the humid areas, where there are more chances of disease out-break, seeds are treated in the following ways.

i. Dry seed is coated with Ceresan or Thiram at the rate of 3 gm fungicide per kilogram of seed to kill the spores of fungus resting on the seed coat.

ii. Seed is immersed in hot water at 56 C for 10 minutes and then dried at room temperature before sowing. This kills all the fungus mycelium and inactivates their spores to spread disease in the crop. This treatment must be done unde r the supervision of expert . 

iii to remove the diseased and unhealthy plants by putting it in the salty water the light , small and diseased seed will come on the surface. then after washout the seed and dry them under shadow.

Seed rate of Guar Crop.


Seed rate of Guar Crop.

Seed rate of guar crop varies from 20 kg to 40 kg per hectare depending upon soil moisture and spacing. About 20 kg seed per hectare is sufficient for grain crop. Seed rate for crops grown for fodder or green manuring is about 40 kg per hectare. Seed rate is normally increased under late sown condition, dry condition, and soil salinity or alkalinity conditions. In dough condition the seed rate can be increased, so that at the time of the weeding we can remove the diseased or unhealthy or abnormal plant.

Spacing In The Guar Crop


Spacing In The Guar Crop

A spacing of 45 cm between rows and 15 cm, between plants is given for crops grown for grain production. However, spacing is generally reduced under late sowing and poor soil fertility conditions. Closer spacing of 30 X 12 cm is provided for fodder crop. A wider spacing of 60 X 30 cm is desirable for crops grown for green vegetable pod production. In some are Guar crop is taken as inter cropping. On that condition we can use the single row of Guar crop between two or three row of another crop.

Guar Seed ( Guar Gum) Time of sowing


Summer crop of guar in northern India is sown in March, while kharif crop in June. For grain crop, the best time of sowing is during July. Early sowings result in more vegetative growth, lodging and loss of yield. The best sowing time for fodder crop is April. In Peninsular India, guar is sown in September. In South India, it is sown at any time between February to October. Guar sowing time is adjusted to May-June to increase supply of vegetable pods. Crop sown in June in Haryana and in July in Punjab gives better production of vegetable pods.

One can go for the guar crop as green manure purpose. More than 2 month old crop is plough back in the soil. The germination does'nt take place properly in low temperature.

How to prepare the Land for the Guar Crop cultivation ? ?


How to prepare the Land for the Guar Crop cultivation.

Guar crop requires a well prepared field, with adequate soil moisture for its seed germination. During early growth period, soil aeration encourages root development and bacterial growth. Therefore, field should be ploughed to fine tilth by giving two or three deep ploughing with soil-turning plough, followed by harrowing and planking. The field should be free from weeds and other crop residues. Arrangements for drainage channel-cum-water channel for heavy rain- fall areas or irrigated areas should be made while preparing the field. The farm yard manure should be mixed with soil at the time of last ploughing. You can cultivate Guar in any type of the soil . Please avoid the water logging condition. It will also improve the soil. It is a leguminous crop so the it will help full for the nitrogen fixation in the soil.

Wednesday, 16 January 2013

Applications of Guar Gum


APPLICATIONS OF GUAR GUM


FOOD PRODUCTS

Ice Cream/Dairy Products
Provides smooth and creamier texture.
Prevents formation of ice crystals.
Prevents quick meltdown.

Bakery Products
Improves texture.
Increases shelf life.
Improves moisture retention.

Pet Food
As a viscosifier.
Soups & Gravies
As a viscosifier.

Noodles
Better sheet formation.
Improves moisture retention.
Improves texture.
Improves machine runnability, thereby increasing production.

COSMETICS & PHARMACEUTICALS

Cosmetics - As conditioner cum viscosifier.
Pharmaceuticals - As water binding agent & rheology modifier.


EXPLOSIVES

Water binding agent for aqueous slurry explosives.


TEXTILE

As thickener for direct as well as discharge printing.
As flocculating agent for purification.
Wide range of tailor-made products based on printing styles,
types of fabrics and dyes, as well as types of printing machines.


MINING

As flocculating agent for purification.
» OIL WELL DRILLING
As fluid-loss controlling agent.
As additives in fracturing fluids.


PAPER

As wet-end additive.
As sizing agent.
As retention aid.

Nutrient Management for Guar Crop


Nutrient Management for Guar Crop

Even guar can be cultivated in any type of the cultivated land. It will give return even in poor nutrient soil/ low fertile soil.

Guar crop needs 10-12 tonnes of well decomposed farmyard manure, especially when it is being cultivated on poor sandy soils, or after taking an exhausting crop. This well decomposed manure is applied a month before sowing.

If some one want to go for the commercial cultivation of Guar , and want to take the good production. In that condition he can do the nutrient management by application of the fertilizers.

Nitrogenous fertilizers are applied only in small quantity (about 20 kg of nitrogen) because most of nitrogen to the crop comes from the atmosphere through bacterial action. Phosphatic fertilizers about 60 kg, potassic 20 kg per hectare along with 20 kg of nitrogen are applied as basal dose as the time of sowing, with the help of pora just 4 -5 cm below the seed. Spray the crop with 0.15% solution of sodium molybdate after 30 days of sowing after the seedling emergence increases the yield of both fodder and grain.

How to sell the Guar Seed ( Guar Gum ) ??


Buyer for the Guar crop is not a problem. The crop is farmer friendly crop you need not to sell out in the open market if you dont have sufficient quantity to sell out ( truck load). Just grind it and give the feed to cattles after cooking in water. This is highly nutritive concentrate. Of five six farmer can make a group with the sufficient quantity to sell out. negotiate the rate. IF the commodity will start to come in grain market the buyer will start to buy this from the farmer. might be the it will take a time in regular trend. But it will develop. I am giving assurance just load the material any transport the charge will not come ore than 6-7 Rs /kg. farmer can sell to me. Till the regular purchase start in the local market.

This is not a product which is used in one industry . It is used in more than 10 different different industries. food processing, food preservation, printing, radioactive, petroleum, paper industry.

Yes for a beginner it will require some extra affords . But the crop will give return. the basic fact is that cost of cultivation is very low, so the rate of return is very high..

Importance of Guar Crop


There are two strong base behind the Guar crop. First the cost of cultivation of Guar crop is very low. Another, there is no any natural alternate/substitute of this crop as industrial input. If it is not making the farmer rich at the worst side, the same time it is also not making the farmer poorer. IF you go for a high investment crop. First the cost of cultivation will be very high if the crop doesn't give you return, then it will push some one in credit, ultimately it will make the farmer poorer.

Guar is very good crop for the

Soil improvement,
Low investment,
Nitrogen fixation, 
Drought resistant, 
Cash crop, 
No insect pest attack in storage,
Green vegetable, 
Green manure, 
Short duration, 
Good quality Fodder,
Concentrate for milking cattle,
High return
Monopoly of India in production.

Indian Guar ( Guar Seed) Market


Indian Guar Market

 India has been a major player in the context of guar and guar gum in the global market.

 India’s production contributes to 80% of the world’s total production figuring up to 6 lakh tons.

 Rajasthan wholly retains the credit for India’s position producing 70% of the production itself.

 Guar is largely consumed as a vegetable in the Indian subcontinent. It is also used in making pickles.

 25000 tons of the total production in the country constitutes to the domestic market.

 Guar gum has a vast range of industrial applications and the major share of demand comes from various industrial sectors only.

 India is the leading net exporter of guar seeds and guar gum. The country exports over 117000 tons of guar and its derivatives, which is comprised by 33000 tons of refined split guar gum, and 84000 tons of treated and pulverized guar gum.

 The net worth of the Indian exports is estimated over Rs 5000 crores.

 The production list of guar is dominated by India as a leading producer of this crop. The consumption pattern of guar seeds is largely influenced by the demands from the petroleum industry of United States of America and the oil fields in the Middle East as the derivative products of these seeds are quite useful in the petroleum drilling industries.

 United States alone constitute to around 40 thousand tons of guar and its derivatives demand.


Also, in rest of the world, the trend of consumption has increased with time that has lead to the introduction of this crop in many countries

Guar Seed( Guar Gum ) Cultivation : harvesting period & Seasonality

Guar Seed (Guar Gum ) harvesting period

A growing season of guar is 14 to 16 weeks and requires reasonably warm weather and moderate flashing rainfall with plenty of sunshine. Too much rain can cause the plant to become more 'leafy' resulting thereby reducing the number of pods or the number of seeds per pod which affects the size and yield of seeds. The crop is generally sown after the monsoon rainfall in the second half of July to early August and is harvested in late October early November. The Guar is a naturally rain fed crop. Depending on the monsoon rainfall the total size of Guar crop varies from year to year. After harvesting, when the pods become dry through sunlight, they are beaten off and during this process, the seeds come out of the pods.

Seasonality

The seed is normally sown during the second half of July to August after the monsoon rainfall starts, and harvested during October and November. The crop requires 3-4 spells of rain during seed setting and maturing, which is during September first week and the end of September

Guar Seed ( Guar Gum ) History : Guar Seed ( Gaur Gum ) Cultivation in India

Guar Seed ( Guar Gum ) Cultivation History

Guar is a native to the Indian subcontinent. Guar is grown mainly in India, Pakistan, United States and also in some part of Africa and Australia.

In old times, Guar was only used as rich protein to feed cattle. It is also used as green vegetable in India. After Second World War there was major shortage of locust bean gum which adversely affected the textile and paper industries. At that time Guar Gum was found as the most suitable substitute for scarce locust bean gum. In 1953 the extraction technology of guar gum was commercialized in USA and India after decade of period.

The guar plant is an annual plant known as 'Cyamopsis Tetragonaloba'. The important source of nutrition to human and animals is the legume, it regenerates soil nitrogen and the endosperm of guar seed is an important hydrocolloid widely used across a broad spectrum of industries.

The guar plant flourishes in extremely drought resistant and semiarid regions where most plants perish. It grows best in sandy soils. The ideal areas for farming are West, Northwest India and parts of Pakistan. The major processing centers of Guar Gum are in the North Western states in India.

The guar plant grows from 2 feet to 9 feet high. The plant’s flower buds start out white and change to a light pink as the flower opens. The flowers turn deep purple and are followed by fleshy seed pods which ripen and harvested in summer.
The seed pods grow in clusters giving guar the common name cluster-bean. A gum extracted from the guar beans forms a gel in water, commonly referred to as guar gum. Guar is extremely drought

resistant and thrives in semi-arid regions where few plants thrive. When limited moisture is available the plant will stop growing but does not die. Guar gum is also known as guarkernmehl, guaran, goma guar, gomme guar and galactomannan.


Importance of Guar Seed ( Guar Gum) Crop Cultivation

Guar seed (Guar gum), also called guaran, is a galactomannan. It is also known as Cluster Bean.

Guar gum is an extract of the guar bean, where it acts as a food and water store. The guar bean is principally grown in India and Pakistan, with smaller crops grown in the U.S., Australia, China, and Africa. The drought-resistant guar bean can be eaten as a green bean, fed to cattle, or used in green manure. The guar seeds are dehusked, milled and screened to obtain the guar gum. It is typically produced as a free-flowing, pale, off-white colored, coarse to fine ground powder. Indeed Guar is vegetable, India is native of guar or cluster bean where it is used as a vegetable. For hundreds of years Guar has been used as vegetable in India. It is also used as a cattle food, and as a green manure crop in agriculture.

Guar gum comes from the endosperm of the seed of the legume plant Cyamopsis tetragonoloba; an annual plant, grown in dry regions of India as a food crop for animals. There are various grades of Guar gums pure or derivative. Guar gum is a white to creamy colored, free flowing powder and free from extraneous matter. Its ability to suspend solids, bind water by hydrogen bonding, control the viscosity of aqueous solutions, form strong tough films have accounted for its rapid growth and use in various industries.

For example guar gum is used in paper, textile, oil drilling, mining, explosives, ore flotation and other various industrial applications.

Guar Seed ( Guar Gum) Cultivation : A useful crop cultivation

Guar Seed ( Guar Gum) Cultivation

Guar is the crop of the rain fed location. It does not mean that it will not require any take care. It will give very good result in the irrigated conditions. One can start the Guar cultivation in the low irrigation or rain fed condition. It is a normal crop which can be cultivated easily. Every stage and part of the plant is equally important. With a minimum guidance a normal farmer can grow it. After the sowing it need the proper weeding. As per the current market rate of the Guar. It is giving very good return to the farmers. This year the farmers of Rajasthan has enjoyed the Guar seed rate Rs 37,000/Quintal. There should not be the water logging condition in the farm. There should not be cloudy weather at the time of the crop maturity stage.

It can be used as fodder for cattle.
It can be used as green vegetable.
It can be used as green Manure.
It can be used as cash crop
It can be stored in any dry condition
It doesn't attract the insect pests. 

We provide complete details free of cost for the guar cultivation..I would suggest farmer community to use Guar as Crop cycle not for the finical terms. It will improve the soil health..